翻译频道
登录注册网站首页

多国猴痘疫情构成“国际关注的突发公共卫生事件”!海关总署通告

来源:融媒体采编平台
日期:2022-07-26

世界卫生组织总干事谭德塞23日宣布,目前已在75个国家和地区传播的猴痘疫情已构成“国际关注的突发公共卫生事件”,这是世卫组织当前可以发布的最高级别公共卫生警报。

The World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared on Saturday that the current multi-country monkeypox outbreak has already turned into a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). After reconvening the WHO Emergency Committee on Thursday concerning the monkeypox outbreak, WHO Direcotr-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus made the decision at a press briefing on Saturday to sound the highest level of alert that the global health authority can issue for the time being.

 

据世卫组织数据显示,目前已有75个国家和地区向该组织报告超过1.6万例病例,其中5例死亡。


谭德塞于21日第二次召集世卫组织紧急委员会开会讨论多国猴痘疫情,但委员会当时未能就该疫情是否构成“国际关注的突发公共卫生事件”达成共识。在23日的记者会上,谭德塞仍决定宣布将猴痘疫情警报提高至这一最高级别。谭德塞介绍,做出这一决定时需考虑五个因素。


Tedros said while the committee was unable to reach a consensus, he came to the decision after considering the five elements required on deciding whether an outbreak constitutes a public health emergency of international concern.


首先,各国提供的信息显示,猴痘病毒已迅速蔓延到许多以前从没出现过病例的国家;


First, the information provided by countries shows that this virus has spread rapidly to many countries that have not seen it before;


其次,《国际卫生条例》规定的宣布“国际关注的突发公共卫生事件”三项标准,猴痘疫情都已满足;


Second, the three criteria for declaring a PHEIC under the International Health Regulations have been met;


第三,紧急委员会虽未达成共识,但已为总干事的决定提供支撑;


Third, the advice of the Emergency Committee, even without a consensus;


第四,有关猴痘的科学原则、证据和其他相关信息目前还不充分,尚存许多未知数;


Fourth, scientific principles, evidence and other relevant information which are currently insufficient and leave us with many unknowns;


第五,猴痘对人类健康造成风险,可能形成国际传播,对国际交通也有潜在干扰。


Fifth, the risk to human health, international spread, and the potential for interference with international traffic.

7月14日,人们在美国纽约一处疫苗接种点等待接种猴痘疫苗。新华社发(郭克摄)


世卫组织说,猴痘病例常多发于西非和中非地区。而在过去数周内,多个欧美国家报告了多起猴痘病毒集群病例。目前多个国家报告的确诊和疑似病例却没有任何猴痘流行地区旅行史,这种情况并不正常。


According to WHO, endemic monkeypox disease is normally geographically limited to West and Central Africa. Multiple clusters of the monkeypox virus have been reported within the past few weeks in several European countries and North America, which are regions where the virus is not normally found. The identification of confirmed and suspected cases of monkeypox without any travel history to an endemic area in multiple countries is atypical. 


海关总署发布

关于防止猴痘疫情传入我国的公告


7月24日,海关总署发布“关于防止猴痘疫情传入我国的公告”。公告显示:


根据世界卫生组织(WHO)通报,今年已有75个国家报告了超过16000例猴痘病例,WHO已宣布猴痘疫情为国际关注的突发公共卫生事件。为防止猴痘疫情传入我国,保护出入境人员的健康安全,根据《中华人民共和国国境卫生检疫法》及其实施细则等法律法规的规定,现发布公告如下:


一、来自猴痘疫情发生国家的人员,如接触过猴痘病例或出现发热、头痛、肌肉酸痛、背痛、淋巴结肿、面部和身体大范围皮疹等症状,入境时应主动向海关申报,海关卫生检疫人员将按规定程序采取医学措施并开展采样检测。


二、来自猴痘疫情发生国家且有染疫或染疫嫌疑的交通运输工具的承运人以及集装箱、货物的货主等责任人,应按规定程序实施卫生处理。


三、海关将依据疫情进展,实时动态调整口岸防控措施。


本公告自发布之日起生效,有效期6个月。

 

综合来源:新华网,CNN,海关总署网站

分享到


联系我们  |  诚聘英才  |  演讲比赛  |  关于我们
© i21st.cn   京ICP备13028878号-12