Archaeologists have unearthed a sphinx-like statue and the remains of a shrine in an ancient temple in southern Egypt, the antiquities ministry says.
The artefacts were found inside a two-level tomb in the temple of Dendera in Qena Province, 450km south of the capital of Cairo.
它有“笑脸和两个酒窝（smiley face and two dimples）”，比著名的吉萨金字塔中20米高的狮身人面像要小得多。
The limestone sphinx is much smaller than the famous Sphinx in the Pyramids of Giza, which is 20m high.
Mamdouh Eldamaty, a former minister of antiquities and professor of Egyptology at Ain Shams University, described the statue as bearing "royal facial features." It had a "soft smile" with two dimples. It also wore a nemes on its head -- the striped cloth headdress traditionally worn by pharaohs of ancient Egypt, with a cobra-shaped end or "uraeus."
A Roman stela with hieroglyphic and demotic writings from the Roman era was found below the sphinx.
The professor said that the statue may represent the Roman Emperor Claudius, the fourth Roman emperor who ruled from the year 41 to 54, but noted that more studies are needed to verify the structure's owner and history.
Sphinxes are recurring creatures in the mythologies of ancient Egyptian, Persian and Greek cultures. Their likenesses are often found near tombs or religious buildings.
It is not uncommon for new sphinx statues to be found in Egypt. But the country's most famous sphinx, the Great Sphinx of Giza, dates back to around 2,500 BC and represents the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Khafre.
Some experts see these discoveries by the Egyptian government as a way of attracting more tourists, to revive its tourism industry amid a severe economic crisis in Egypt.