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美国首个官方毒品安全注射点开张,反对者:这是建了个吸毒中心?

来源:21英语网
日期:2021-12-02
据《纽约时报》等美媒报道,当地时间11月30日,美国首批经政府批准的毒品安全注射点——“用药过量预防中心”在纽约开张。注射点会提供干净的针头,还有工作人员帮助成瘾者避免吸毒过量。

(视频戳这里



据《纽约时报》报道,纽约市本次开放的两个注射点位于曼哈顿东哈莱姆和华盛顿高地附近,已于30日开始运营。


ABC新闻视频截图

注射点有工作人员提供干净的针头,还配有纳洛酮(naloxone)等用于紧急治疗的药品和工具。使用者可自带毒品前往。



Trained staff at two sites — in the neighborhoods of East Harlem and Washington Heights — provided clean needles, administered naloxone to reverse overdoses and provided users with options for addiction treatment. Users brought their own drugs to the sites.

Overdose prevention sites provide supervised settings for people who use drugs to be in a monitored space with nurses, clinical staff or peers to ensure the person does not overdose. Observers are there to reverse overdoses with naloxone, a medication that works as an antidote to opioid overdoses, and prevent death.

据纽约市政府网介绍,注射点的官方名称是“药物过量预防中心(Overdose Prevention Center)”,是吸毒者接受医疗护理治疗和社会服务的安全场所,被证明可防止用药过量死亡,已被世界其他国家使用。

The overdose prevention centers (OPCs), also known as supervised consumption sites or safe injection sites, provide a safer place for drug users to administer drugs and get medical care if they overdose, the city said. 


纽约市政府网截图

据纽约市政府网,在2020年,纽约市有超过2000人死于药物过量,这是自2000年有报告以来的最高数字

During 2020, over 2,000 individuals died of a drug overdose in New York City, the highest number since reporting began in 2000.

对于纽约市“一马当先开设这一场所,纽约市长白思豪表示自己“十分自豪”。

“经过深入研究,我们知道了保护城市中最弱势群体的正确道路。 我们将毫不犹豫地落实它。”白思豪说,“‘用药过量预防中心’是解决鸦片类药物危机的一种安全有效的方式。我很自豪地向这个国家的其他城市展示,在经历了数十年失败后,采取更明智的办法是可能的。”

“After exhaustive study, we know the right path forward to protect the most vulnerable people in our city. And we will not hesitate to take it,” Mayor Bill de Blasio said in a release. “Overdose Prevention Centers are a safe and effective way to address the opioid crisis. I’m proud to show cities in this country that after decades of failure, a smarter approach is possible.”

运营首日即出现2例吸毒过量情况
反对者:这是鼓励人们伤害自己


据《纽约时报》报道,工作人员称,开张首日截至下午2点,东哈莱姆区注射点接待了超过40名吸毒者,另一处注射点也接待了32人。

当天,工作人员就阻止了两次用药过量事件的发生。

About 40 people had come in to use as of 2 p.m. at the East Harlem location on the first official day of operation, while 32 people had used drugs under supervision at the Washington Heights site, Ms. See said. 

Staff had reversed two overdoses, she said.


ABC新闻视频截图

美国广播公司(ABC)在报道中称,包括科罗拉多、费城、西雅图、旧金山在内的其他城市已采取措施推进该举措,但由于居民和当地议员的公开反对,这些城市并没有开放注射点。

反对者认为这些站点道德败坏,相当于创造了吸毒中心,鼓励人们伤害自己。此外,联邦法律禁止经营吸食非法毒品的场所。近年来,政府曾成功起诉阻止了一家位于费城的毒品注射点开业。

Opponents, however, see the sites as moral failures that essentially sanction people harming themselves and create hubs of drug use. Further, federal law bans operating a place for taking illegal drugs, and the government successfully sued in recent years to block a supervised consumption space in Philadelphia.

综合来源:中国日报,纽约时报
 
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