据《环球时报》报道，马里兰大学商学院会计系讲师韦伯 (Weber) 向学校控告多名留学生"集体作弊"，提出指控后， 韦伯取消了所有学生的考试成绩，这门课上大部分都是中国学生。
Samantha Wu had high hopes when she left her small town in southern China to study at an American university. But she didn’t expect to be under investigation by the University of Maryland after a professor accused her and other Chinese students of cheating on an exam. Wu denies the accusation.
The cheating charges against Wu and the other students were forwarded to the University of Maryland’s Office of Student Conduct. According to Wu, one Chinese student pleaded guilty, and another case is still under investigation. Wu and four other students were cleared, according to Wu.
The cheating charges made by Wu’s professor, David Weber, were eventually dismissed, but she told WAMU the experience made her feel like she was being targeted because of her Chinese nationality. That’s why Wu and four other students filed a complaint with the University’s Office of Civil Rights and Sexual Misconduct. The students alleged that Weber discriminated and harassed them on the basis of race and national origin arising from seven incidents throughout several weeks.
According to Wu, when Weber brought up the cheating accusations to the class, “He said, you cheated your way into the University of Maryland, but you chose to study in America, so in America, we don’t allow you to do that anymore.”
Weber says he welcomed the opportunity to discuss these issues with WAMU but claims he did not have permission from the university’s counsel to speak with reporters. But he did send a statement to WAMU through his attorney, Brian Mahany.
Mahany contests the students’ statement within the complaint, saying those weren’t Weber’s “exact words.” He says Weber referred to the student’s nationality when he accused them of cheating because the consequences for international students are so steep.
Students found guilty of cheating at the University of Maryland receive an “XF” on their transcripts, which means they failed because of academic dishonesty. They can also be expelled from school. International students would likely lose their visas, making it unlawful for them to remain in the country.
“The purpose of this discussion was to consider the seriousness of the cheating allegations, not to discriminate,” Mahany wrote to WAMU.
Following the suspected cheating, Weber invalidated all of the students’ exams last fall and gave them the option to take another test or use their midterms as a final grade. Then he and another professor co-signed an online notice to students in the same course. In it, they wrote that students appeared to be more focused on their grades than “the integrity of the profession,” attributing that opinion, in part, to their culture. The majority of students in the class are Chinese.
Weber says the verbal and written statements were taken out of context. Wu says the messages were offensive to her and other Chinese students.
“I feel that I am being treated unfairly because this is not something targeting the cheating students as a group. This is something targeting Chinese students as a group,” Wu says.
The university initially asked Weber to not teach classes after five students, including Wu, reported his statements to the school’s Office of Civil Rights & Sexual Misconduct. But now he is back teaching on campus.
Weber has been teaching for 11 years and says he’s received positive feedback during most of his tenure as a teacher. He also says that he received positive reviews from students in his forensic auditing class before the final exam.
“I believe that culture and upraising does play a role in cheating,” Weber wrote to WAMU, noting that he also worked as a senior federal law enforcement official before teaching and was involved in a number of major international fraud matters, including some in China. “There is no question that there is a different rule-following and rule-breaking culture between the U.S. and China.”
“Does that mean that Chinese students are more prone to cheat? No,” Weber continued. “It isn’t proper to label an entire group of students based on nationality as being ‘cheaters.’ That isn’t fair to the many Chinese students who don’t cheat.”
It is my fear that, despite the honor code, the school administration will not always support faculty members who report cheating, in contrast to what the policy actually says. This is especially when the program in which cheating occurs is one of the most profitable programs for the university.
Officials from the University of Maryland said they couldn’t discuss the details of the investigation but sent a statement saying: “Academic integrity is paramount. Reported accusations of cheating or racial discrimination in the classroom are investigated, and neither is tolerated. It is important to report matters so that we can follow our processes to ensure due process for all involved and any wrongdoing can be addressed swiftly and appropriately.”
The University of Liverpool was accused of discriminating against Chinese after an email about exam rules directing at all overseas students included a Chinese translation for the word 'cheating'.
The university's Student Welfare Advice and Guidance office sent the email offering exam advice to international students, warning them of serious consequences if they were caught cheating. The email, which was written entirely in English, contained the Chinese characters for 'cheating'.
An explanation in the email said: 'We find that our Chinese students are usually unfamiliar with the word "cheating" in English, and we therefore provide this translation.'
而《洛杉矶时报》(Los Angeles Times) 在去年年底的一篇报道也指出，美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校的教授们曾抱怨中国学生的作弊事件和英语水平。
A few years ago, UC Santa Barbara faculty were told at a meeting that Chinese students made up 6% of the student body but accounted for one-third of plagiarism cases, according to Paul Spickard, a history professor on the faculty admissions committee.
综合来源：《环球时报》、观察者网、WAMU、Los Angeles Times、Daily Mail、“这里是美国”公众号