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美国网约车性侵受害者:还要有多少人遭受痛苦,才有人真正开始负责?

来源:CNN、环球时报英文版、China Daily、观察者网
日期:2018-05-17

备受公众关注的空姐乘坐滴滴顺风车遇害一案,近日终于正式告破。

5月5日晚,21岁的空姐李某搭乘滴滴顺风车,从郑州航空港区乘车前往郑州火车站。6日早晨,家人发现其失联并报警。之后警方证实,李某已经遇害。

5月12日早上,郑州警方“平安郑州”权威发布,称备受公众关注的杀害滴滴顺风车乘客一案的犯罪嫌疑人刘某华的尸体被警方打捞出来。随后,警方通过对尸体DNA鉴定,确认此次打捞出的尸体系犯罪嫌疑人刘某华。至此“5.7”故意杀人案正式告破。

Police announced on Saturday that a 21-year-old flight attendant who was killed on the evening of May 5 in Zhengzhou, Henan province, was murdered by the driver of the car she had hailed using the Didi Chuxing service and the man had killed himself by jumping into a nearby river.

这起性质极为恶劣的案件过后,大家都为受害者深感心痛和义愤。同时,也对网约车的安全问题产生了质疑。

恐怕很多姑娘,都开始对网约车提心吊胆了……

其实,网约车的安全问题,并非只有国内的滴滴遇到过。

大家恐怕听说过美国公司Uber(优步),它是网约车公司“大佬”,服务遍及全球。

上个月底,美媒CNN发布了这样一篇重磅新闻:

“CNN深度调查:103名Uber(优步)司机被指控性侵或虐待乘客”

不单是标题触目惊心,内容也会让大家唏嘘……

“他还会对她们下药”

CNN这篇报道开头就讲述了一个案例:一名女子在圣地亚哥喝完酒后乘坐Uber,Uber司机趁其醉酒对其进行非礼。

“一天夜晚,一名女子在圣地亚哥酒过三巡后,叫了一辆Uber准备回家。因为醉得太厉害了,她不得不请求司机停下来,开门呕吐。女子回忆说,接下来她就昏睡在了汽车后座。”

“After an evening of cocktails in San Diego, a woman got into the back of an Uber for a ride home. She was so intoxicated she had to ask the driver to stop so she could vomit. She says she then passed out in the backseat.”

“据警方和知情人士的描述,当女子恢复意识时,那名Uber司机正在对她实施强奸,案发地点离她家仅一个街区。正因如此,她才得以逃脱并报警。”

“When she regained consciousness, the Uber driver was on top of her, raping her, a block from her home, according to the police report and two sources familiar with the investigation. She was able to escape and dial 911.”

之后,警方逮捕了这名Uber司机——54岁的 John David Sanchez。

恐怖的在后面……

警方先是在这名司机家的电脑里,搜出了一些他强奸妇女和虐待青少年的录像。而且时间显示,至少可以追溯到过去五年。

Police later arrested the Uber driver, John David Sanchez, 54. When they searched his computer, they found videos of Sanchez raping women and abusing young teenagers, dating back at least five years.

警方根据调查发现,除了强奸那名Uber女乘客,他身上竟有多达33起案件,其中包括性侵另外至少9名女性和儿童

不仅如此,为了让受害者失去反抗能力,他还会对受害者下药。

In November, Sanchez was sentenced to 80 years in prison for the rape of the Uber passenger and 33 other counts against him, including sexual assaults of at least nine other women and children. Sanchez drugged many of his victims.

法网恢恢,最终,罪犯司机Sanchez被判处了80年有期徒刑

不过,这样一个前科累累,劣迹斑斑的惯犯,还能当上网约车司机接客,实在让人细思极恐。 

然而,CNN调查发现,Uber平台发生的性侵案件并不止这一起。

“真正已被定罪的只有31人”

在过去四年里,美国已经至少有103名Uber司机被指控性侵或虐待乘客

A CNN investigation has found that Sanchez is just one of at least 103 Uber drivers in the U.S. who have been accused of sexually assaulting or abusing their passengers in the past four years. 

这些司机有些被警方逮捕或通缉,有些则在一些相关的民事诉讼里被提及。

The drivers were arrested, are wanted by police, or have been named in civil suits related to the incidents. 

CNN对美国20多个主要城市的警方报告及法院纪录进行了深度调查和统计。

结果发现:性骚扰、强奸或监禁受害者的涉案司机,真正已被定罪的只有31人

At least 31 drivers have been convicted for crimes ranging from forcible touching and false imprisonment to rape, and dozens of criminal and civil cases are pending, CNN found.

There is no publicly available data for the number of sexual assaults by Uber drivers or for drivers of other rideshare companies. CNN's analysis comes from an in-depth review of police reports, federal court records and county court databases for 20 major U.S. cities.

“还要有多少人遭受性侵,人们才能真正开始做点什么?”

在CNN的视频报道中,还有一名女性受害者背对镜头,说出了自己的故事……

 

那天,她和一位女性朋友去酒吧聚会,两人喝的有点多,就打了辆Uber回家。

她最后的记忆,就停留在自己下了那辆Uber。第二天早上醒来后,她发现自己躺在自家的床上,床上还留有污迹。而她的裤子和内裤都在地板上。

她问睡在沙发里的女性朋友发生了什么,对方说:Uber司机干的。

之后,她立刻报了警,并在之后起诉了Uber公司。

在对CNN记者讲述经历的过程中,她几度情绪激动,声音哽咽……

她说,自己在这件事发生过后,一直被焦虑和抑郁折磨,还感觉很羞耻。

这边是受害者痛苦不堪,而那边,涉案的Uber司机却不以为然,云淡风轻。

当警方找到这名司机时,他表示自己当时知道受害者喝了酒,也明白自己所做的都是“错误的”。

但他拒绝认罪,只是坐等审判罢了。

According to police, the driver told them he knew the victim had been drinking and was "wrong for what he did." He pleaded not guilty for sexual battery and awaits trial.

这名女性受害者还对CNN说了一句话,恐怕也是很多人想问的。

“基本上,(网约车)就相当于你搭陌生人的顺风车。还要有多少人遭受性侵,人们才能真正开始做点儿什么?”

"You are pretty much hitchhiking with strangers," she told CNN. "How many people is it going to take to get assaulted before something is done?"

“我想要发声,我受够了保持沉默。”

除了这位受害者,还有其他女性也有过类似的经历。

美国加利福尼亚长滩的一名女子称,2016年的时候,她醉倒在Uber车后座。醒过来时,司机正在对她进行性侵。

A woman in Long Beach, California, who alleges she fell asleep intoxicated in the back of an Uber in 2016, told CNN that she woke up with the driver assaulting her. 

通过受害者的手机约车纪录,这位47岁的司机第二天被警方逮捕。

然而,他声称性行为是双方同意的情况下进行的。地方检察官随后放弃了对他的诉讼。

The driver, 47, was found the next day with her phone and later arrested. He claimed the sex was consensual and the district attorney dropped the criminal case against him. 

该女子在事件发生后起诉Uber,认为Uber的服务并不“安全”。

She is suing Uber over the incident and for representing its services as "safe."

“你觉得这种事不会发生在自己身上。我感觉很耻辱……这也是为什么我在这里(接受采访)。我想要发声,我受够了保持沉默了。”她对CNN记者说。

"You don't think it will happen to you," she told CNN. "I still feel ashamed ... that's why I'm here. I want a voice. [I'm] tired of being quiet."

在CNN调查到的103起事件中,有许多性侵是在受害者喝过酒或醉酒后发生的。

This is significant given many of the women raped or attacked by the 103 accused drivers uncovered as a part of CNN's investigation had been drinking, or were inebriated, at the time of the incidents.

就像这起事件一样,以借口逃脱掉法律制裁的犯罪嫌疑人,不在少数。

103名涉案司机,只有31人被定罪。恐怕,还有许多施暴者,不为人知

作为性侵受害者,能够站出来发声的,只是少数。大多数人,由于遭受了身心创伤,选择保持沉默。

CNN在报道中写道,Uber公司自2010年在旧金山成立,打着“每个人的私人司机”的招牌,可谓是全世界最值钱的民营科技公司之一。公司市值估价约700亿美金,覆盖全球630多个城市,每天接单达1500万次。

Uber, which launched in 2010 in San Francisco as "everyone's private driver," is the most valuable privately-held tech startup in the world. It is valued at $70 billion and operates in 630 cities worldwide. Uber provides 15 million rides a day.

CNN还采访了来自美国不同地区的五名Uber司机,他们表示,注册Uber的方式超简单,提交资料并同意Uber的条款就行。没有任何跟“安全”相关的培训。

Five drivers across various states told CNN they were not provided any kind of sexual harassment or assault training. Drivers agree to the company's community guidelines when they sign up to work for the service. 

2016年12月,Uber更新了条款,强调在Uber平台上不允许发生性接触。

Uber said it updated its standards in December 2016 to specify no sexual contact is permitted when using its platform.

在一连串Uber司机性侵或虐待乘客事件被曝光后,Uber的CEO达拉•科斯罗萨西表示,打击性侵害是优先要解决的问题。

On a call with CNN last week for an unrelated story, Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi said cracking down on sexual assault is a "new priority for us."

今年四月,Uber在官网先发布了一个内容为“预防性侵”的视频。

(Uber官网首页)

与许多“预防性侵指南”不同的是,这个视频重点则是针对加害者本身——Uber司机。旨在提醒司机“如何创建更安全的社区”,号召Uber司机们要对乘客举止尊重。

此外,视频也提到了另外两方面:

1、万一遇到了危险,乘客如何寻求帮助

2、作为路人,如何向遇到危险的人伸出援手

 

除了官网的视频,Uber还计划在全国50个社区举办论坛,让社区领袖、司机及乘客们一起探讨这个话题。

The company recently posted a sexual assault prevention video on its website to inform drivers and riders "how to create a safer community." It also said it plans to host 50 community forums nationwide for advocates, leaders, drivers and riders across to talk about the issue. The changes came after CNN first contacted Uber about this story.

(Uber 官网首页还设有预防性侵暴力的宣传专栏)

在给CNN最近的声明中,Uber发言人还表示,解决安全问题将是Uber今年的首要任务。其中提到的解决办法包括:

将每年对Uber司机重新做背景调查

将在Uber的App里设置一个细致的“安全中心”,让乘客在乘坐Uber时,能够分享自己的行程细节

还将在App里设置一个紧急报警按钮,让乘客能在App中直接联系911。

In a recent statement sent to CNN, an Uber spokesperson said safety is the company's top priority this year and cited recent protocol updates such as rerunning driver background checks on an annual basis moving forward. The company also said it plans to roll out a dedicated "safety center" within the Uber app where riders can designate contacts they want to share trip details with while they ride;it will also have an emergency button allowing users to call 911 from inside the app.

“这只是一个开始,我们致力于采取更多行动。性侵是一项恐怖的罪行,在任何地方都不应该发生。Uber网约车也并非能幸免于此类的社会问题,我们也想从Uber方面为解决这一问题尽力,让这种暴行彻底终结。”Uber发言人表示。

"This is just a start and we are committed to doing more," the spokesperson said. "Sexual assault is a horrible crime that has no place anywhere. While Uber is not immune to this societal issue, we want to be part of the solution to end this violence forever."

消除犯罪行为,最重要的是遏制加害方,而不是针对受害者。

就像我们总能看到,一些性侵事件被报道出来后,总有人会说:谁让你穿着暴露的?谁让你半夜归家的?谁让你开趴喝酒的?谁让你独自出行的?

当然,我们为了自身安全,为了保护自己,要有安全意识。

只是这些罪名,应该让加害者承受。毕竟,受害者承受的已经够多了。

综合来源:CNN、环球时报英文版、China Daily、观察者网

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