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Finding our place in the world

北斗,你是中国的,也是世界的

科技 来源:21世纪学生英文报·高一
时间:2020-01-07
【导读】2019年12月16日,我国在西昌卫星发射中心“一箭双星”再次成功发射两颗“北斗星”,全面完成北斗三号全球系统核心星座部署。

Two more Beidou satellites are sent into orbit on Dec 16, 2019. XINHUA

中文 英文 双语

Rome wasn’t built in a day.
罗马不是一天建成的。

Nearly two decades have passed since China launched the first Beidou satellite in 2000. In that time, more Beidou satellites were sent into orbit, forming the Beidou Navigation Satellite System. In late 2012, it began providing positioning, navigation, timing and messaging services to people in China and other parts of the Asia-Pacific region.
自2000年中国发射第一颗北斗卫星以来, 近二十年过去了。在此期间,多颗北斗卫星被送入太空轨道,形成了北斗卫星导航系统。2012年末,该系统开始向中国以及亚太其他地区的人们提供定位、导航、授时以及通信服务。

At the end of 2018, BDS started to provide global services. “This marks Beidou’s entry into a ‘global era’ from its ‘regional era’,” BDS Spokesperson Ran Chengqi said at a news conference.
2018年末,北斗卫星导航系统开始提供全球服务。“这标志着北斗从区域时代迈入全球时代,”北斗卫星导航系统新闻发言人冉承其在一场新闻发布会上如此说道。

Now with two more Beidou satellites launched on Dec 16, 2019, BDS has 53 satellites in orbit – more than US government’s Global Positioning System (GPS), which has 31 active satellites. That launch means the core of Beidou’s third-generation network is now in place. It’s expected to greatly improve the system’s ability to serve users worldwide.
2019年12月16日,随着两颗北斗卫星再次成功发射,北斗卫星导航系统在轨运行的卫星数量上升至53颗 —— 多于美国政府只有31颗在轨卫星的全球定位系统。此次发射标志着北斗三号全球系统核心星座部署完成,有望极大增强该系统服务全球用户的能力。

Although a satellite-based navigation system needs only 24 satellites to run properly, having 53 allows for better coverage.
尽管卫星导航系统只需24颗卫星便能正常运作,但53颗在轨卫星能够提供更好的信号覆盖。

This is how it works: A signal receiver on Earth – your smartphone, for example – measures its distance from at least three satellites by recording the amount of time it takes to receive their signals. Then it can calculate its location. With so many satellites, BDS can provide a more accurate calculation. While GPS calculates locations to within a few meters, BDS reduces the error to centimeters. This high-precision service is useful for land surveying, mapping, agriculture and automated driving.
卫星导航系统的工作原理是这样的:地球上的信号接收器 —— 比如说,你的智能手机 —— 通过记录接收卫星信号所需的时间,测量出自身与至少三颗卫星之间的距离。然后再据此计算出所处的地理位置。拥有众多卫星的北斗卫星导航系统能够提供更精准的计算。全球定位系统地理位置的计算误差在几米之内,而北斗卫星导航系统能将误差缩小至厘米范围。这种高精度的服务可用于土地测量、地图绘制、农业以及自动驾驶等。

China is willing to share BDS with the world. According to Ran, BDS products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. “The Beidou system will always adhere to the development concept of ‘China’s Beidou, the world’s Beidou, and the first-class Beidou’, serving the world and benefiting mankind,” Ran told reporters after the latest launch.
中国乐于与世界共享北斗卫星导航系统。冉承其表示,北斗卫星导航系统的产品已经出口至120多个国家和地区。“北斗系统将始终秉承‘中国的北斗、世界的北斗、一流的北斗’的发展理念,服务全球,造福人类。”冉承其在最近一次卫星发射后如此向记者表示。

He added that future plans call for a smarter and more accessible system with Beidou at its core, to come online by 2035.
他补充道,在未来的规划中,2035年将建成以北斗系统为核心,更加泛在、更加智能的系统。

By then, we can probably say that Rome has finally been built.
到那时,我们或许可以说,罗马终于建成了。

(Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Luo Sitian)
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辞海拾贝
Launched发射
Orbit轨道
Beidou Navigation Satellite SystemBDS, 北斗卫星导航系统
Core核心
Calculate计算
Accurate精确的
Adhere to坚持
Accessible易使用的

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